12 Coldest Countries in the World


Not all people like cold places but there are several countries where winter is the only season. People living in these countries only see winter and too much winter. A few countries are always covered with snow and people hardly feel the heat of the sun. But what countries are coldest among these?

This article will try to answer this. What is the coldest country in the world? If you are just looking the answer to this question, Antarctica is considered to be the coldest country in the world. But what about others? To know, check the list of coldest countries in the world.

Also see: Natural Ice Skating Rinks in the World

The list is basically based on the average temperature of the year. Few countries see cold throughout the year, but few only become cold in winters but the winter is too cold to make the average temperature down. Here is the list of coldest countries in the world. you can check these list. If you can face the chilling cold, you can make a plan to visit these countries.

Coldest Countries in the World

Here is the list of coldest countries in the world. Human makes it possible to live in these coldest countries.


1. Antarctica

Antarctica the coldest country in the world

Antarctica is the coldest country in the world. Technically it is not the country but the continent, but there is no classification of countries within it. So, we take it as the only country on the continent. The temperature in Antarctica goes as low as 100 degrees below zero. Antarctica is also the most inhospitable places in the world due to lack of potable water, food or shelter. High cool winds make it hard to stay here.

Best time to visit Antarctica: Best time to visit Antarctica is between months of November and March.

2. Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan second coldest country in the world

Kazakhstan is the neighbor to Russia and is the second coldest country on the planet. This country was the part of the former Soviet Union. Most of the terrain in Kazakhstan are permanently covered with snow. Temperature goes down to -20 degree Celsius in winters. Summers are also cold and the temperature hardly goes above 4 degree Celsius. It is also worth to note that Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, is also known as the second coldest capital city in the world.

Best time to visit Kazakhstan: Best time to visit Kazakhstan is between months of July and August.

3. Russia

third coldest country in the world

Russia stretches from Europe to Asia and becomes part of two continents. Most of the Russian regions are very cold throughout the year. Even in summers, you find temperatures below 0 degrees which is absolutely baffling. Russian winters have also saved the country from invasions multiple times. It is because enemy armies find it really hard to survive in tough winters of the country.


Best time to visit Russia: Best time to visit Russia is between months of May and October.

4. Greenland

Greenland is also one of the coldest countries in the world. There is no summer in Greenland and the country is always covered with snow even if the name suggests something else. This is the ultimate destination for people loving cold places. The place gets as much as 22 hours of sunlight in the summer season but the temperature still remains around zero degree Celsius. The country is also surrounded by the frigid ocean from all sides.

Best time to visit Greenland: Best time to visit Greenland is between months of June and September.

5. Canada

Canada is the neighbor of Greenland but it has plenty of greenery and lakes even if it is cold. The country receives heavy snowfall and the temperature drops to as low as -40 degree Celsius. The air during winter is too cold and makes living has here. In noncoastal areas, snow can cover the ground for almost six months of the year.

Best time to visit Canada: Best time to visit Canada is between months of September and November.

6. United States

I am sure many of you didn’t see this coming, but the United States is also one of the coldest countries of the world. Most of the regions of the United States also see heavy snowfall and cold. This makes the country one of the coldest countries in the world. The Northern region of the country usually see cold and receive heavy snowfall during winters. The temperature drops below zero degree Celsius in most of the northern cities.

Best time to visit the United States: Best time to visit the United States is between months of May and September.

7. Iceland

Iceland is also one of the coldest countries in the world. During summer, the country is mostly green but winters bring cold and snow. Temperature falls below -10 degree Celsius. The Central Highlands are the coldest part of Iceland. The Norton region of the country has sub-zero temperatures all year round.

Best time to visit Iceland: Best time to visit Iceland depends on how you want to enjoy the country. Northern Lights appear from September until April. June and July are the months to see the midnight sun. December to February are the iciest months.

8. Finland

Finland is also a know cold country that seems heavy snowfalls and faces cold winters during the winter season. In winters, the temperature remains below 0-degree Celsius for usually around 100 days and snow covers the land from November to April. In coastal areas like Helsinki, temperatures go below −30 degree Celsius. In Northen Finland, the temperature falls down to −45-degree Celsius in winters and winter lasts for around 200 days with permanent snow-covered land.

Best time to visit Finland: Best time to visit Finland is between months of May and September.

9. Estonia

Estonia is a European country where it becomes super cold in winters. Temperature goes to -36-degree Celsius during winters while it can go as high as 35-degree Celsius during summers. The of East of Estonia is usually colder and Cyclones brings snowstorms. Sea also effect affects Estonia and brings more snow. The first snow comes in late October or November. This is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe because of low expenses here.

Best time to visit Estonia: Best time to visit Estonia is between months of May and August.

10. Mongolia

Mongolia is last in the list and is also one of the coldest countries in the world. It sees extremely cold in the winter where the temperature drops to as low as -30-degree Celsius. The whole Mongolia comes under the influence of the Siberian Anticyclone in winters and becomes really cold. The country also faces occasional harsh climatic conditions known as Zud. Zud is a natural disaster that results in large proportions of the country’s livestock dying from starvation or freezing temperatures.

Best time to visit Mongolia: Best time to visit Mongolia is between months of July and August.

11. Norway

Norway, officially known as the Kingdom of Norway, is also one of the coldest countries. Even if the place has sunny summers, it becomes really cold in winters. The coldest recorded temperature in Norway was at Karasjok and it was -51.2 degrees C. Usually the temperature in Norway ranges from -10 degree C to 1 Degree C in most places.

Best time to visit Norway: Best time to visit Norway is between months of June and August.

12. China

Although China’s mainland has pleasant weather most of the time of the year but it becomes really cool in winters (October – February). Several places in the southern part of the country become unbearable due to fall in temperature and heavy snowfall. The humidity also makes conditions even worse. The temperature of these places ranges from -15 degree C and 3degree C. Temperature in few places even reach to -30 degree C So, people suffer a lot.

Best time to visit China: Best time to visit China is in months of April, May, September, and October.

Final Words

These are the coldest countries in the world. I have made the list of these countries by considering the average cold time. This may vary year by year. If I see any changes in data, I will surely rearrange and update the list based on recent data. If you are interested in visiting cold countries, you can make a plan to visit any of these. Antarctica is hard to visit and you need special training for that. But you can make a plan for other countries.